May Thurner Syndrome is also called Cokett Syndrome or iliocaval compression syndrome. It is a rare condition where the right iliac artery, which goes down to the lower limbs, compresses the left iliac vein near the pelvis. The left iliac vein is the main vein that goes down the left leg. When the vein is compressed, the pressure may cause the blood to flow abnormally. In extreme cases, the compression may lead to a blood clot in the left leg. The clot may block the flow of blood in through this vein, completely or partially, with serious consequences.
What are the symptoms of the condition?
Most people with the condition do not exhibit any symptoms. However, over time, some of the May Thurner Syndrome common symptoms that may be present include:
Swelling of the legs
A chronic venous insufficiency where there are pools of blood in the veins. This condition, in turn, causes skin discoloration, pain in the left leg and ulcers that do not heal.
Deep Vein Thrombosis which is a clot in a vein that is deep within the body. The clot may break free and move with the blood to other organs of the body such as the brain, heart and the lungs. The clot can cause life-threatening conditions such as stroke, heart attack and a clot in the lung known as pulmonary embolism.
Who is at risk?
It is not clear why this condition occurs. It is also hard to know how many people get the condition as many do not have symptoms. However, women between the ages of 20 and 40 are at risk of catching DVT related to the condition especially soon after pregnancy. In addition, anyone can get these symptoms after a long period of inactivity.
Consider a light activity such as walking after sitting for long. Moreover, if you experience any of the symptoms above, seek immediate medical attention before the condition worsens. There are several treatment procedures that the doctor may perform to relieve the condition.