Did you know that pregnancy predisposes you to musculoskeletal and nerve injuries? Researches indicate that pregnancy and childbirth may cause trauma to the spine and pelvic floor. Hence, it is important to undergo physiotherapy sessions that focus on various techniques to prevent physical injury.
SydneyPhysiotherapist.com.au discusses this further below.
One of the maternal problems that arise during pregnancy is lower back pain. As gestational age increases, the weight of the baby rises proportionally. Therefore, your back muscles try to compensate for the heavier load by stretching the back muscles. This may lead to discomfort in the lumbar region as pregnancy advances.
Pregnant women also produce high concentrations of relaxin during the first trimester of pregnancy. This hormone reduces the tension in ligaments that support weight-bearing regions such as pelvic floor and sacral bones. As joints and ligaments are stretched, pelvic pain and discomfort occur.
Role of Physiotherapy in Pregnancy
Physiotherapy involves musculoskeletal manipulation through pressure application in inflamed regions of the body. Therapists will apply optimal force in a certain direction to improve strength, posture and balance. In addition, safe exercises are regularly conducted to maximise tissue flexibility. Ultimately, antepartum and post-partum physiotherapy sessions are done to help in the stabilisation of muscles and joints to prevent back pain.
Physiotherapy must begin during the early stages of pregnancy. As early as the first trimester, spinal adjustment techniques are recommended to prevent back strain. Abdominal and pelvic floor exercises are important to prepare the muscles for better strength. The symphysis pubis and sacroiliac joints are also targeted to prevent and treat incontinence and constipation.
Post-partum changes may manifest several hours to days after childbirth. Since lower reproductive structures may have significantly weakened after childbirth, physiotherapy is done to restore pelvic floor anatomy. Post-natal exercises are also provided to ensure lasting management in case the discomfort recurs in the future.
Physiotherapy plays a substantial role in the prevention and treatment of pelvic floor disorders in pregnancy. Thus, it is important to seek consultation at a physiotherapy and sports injury clinic to experience immediate pain relief.