Common Thyroid Disorders and Their Treatment Options

Woman experiencing thyroid disorders

The thyroid gland regulates several metabolic processes in your body. A feedback mechanism controls the function of the organ in your brain. Thyroid management specialists in Provo note that it increases production of the thyroid hormone when its level in your blood is low.

Any disorder in this gland can affect its function and cause an imbalance in thyroid hormone production. To control such situations, doctors will carry out tests and come up with treatment plans depending on the results. Here are some common thyroid disorders and their treatments.

Hypothyroidism

This is one of the most common thyroid disorders. It results from insufficient production of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland. Symptoms of hypothyroidism include fatigue, dry skin, depression, and constipation. Experts usually associate it with postpartum thyroiditis, thyroid hormone resistance, and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Levothyroxine, a synthetic form of thyroid hormone, is the recommended medication for hypothyroidism.

Hyperthyroidism

This describes an excessive thyroid hormone production. Its common symptoms include tremors, nervousness, weight loss, heat intolerance and a rapid heart rate. Experts associate hyperthyroidism with excessive intake of iodine, Graves’ disease, and multinodular goiter. Radioactive iodine treatment and anti-thyroid medication such as carbimazole are your treatment options.

Thyroid Nodules

These are abnormal masses and small lumps inside the thyroid. They may be multiple or single and differ in size. Excessively large nodules might compress nearby structures and cause swallowing and breathing problems. This necessitates surgery to relieve the compression. Most benign nodules, however, require no treatment. But, they should be carefully monitored.

Some nodules might be malignant. If not, the treatment for thyroid cancer is thyroidectomy. This is a surgical procedure that removes the whole thyroid gland or part of it. After a thyroidectomy, you might need to be on thyroid hormone medications for life. The key to successfully managing thyroid disorders is seeking quick treatment from a well-qualified physician.

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